Sunday, 15 April 2018

Toronto 2018 Creative Commons summit day 3 -> the Future of Copyright in the Commons - From Toronto 2018 Onwards

TorontotheBetter to start its post-2018 summit creative commons initiative. Join us!
Whether it's Ghana, Beijing, Poland, Krygyzstan, or Canada, ask a random person in the street about the creative commons and you are likely to be met with a blank stare. The enthusiasm of the hundreds of commons supporters at the 2018 global Commons summit in Toronto is both misleading and promising. The dream of open access to all knowledge for all is alive and well, but like any revolution in the making it still faces indifference and actual resistance from established orders, in this case, many copyright holders, be they publishers, authors or legal systems that will be disrupted by the commons. As a result, creative commons still remains largely marginal in most jurisdictions there is remarkable growth in acceptance, though predictably more in certain sectors than others. Education and research have led the way, with more and more authors willing and able, through open access Web channels to make their work available free to anyone interested, but new sectors like publishing, healthcare and even commerce (as in TorontotheBetter's directory of local social enterprise [www.TorontotheBetter.net]) are increasingly re-aligning themselves. The summit's last keynote speech depicted a future of common ground where copyright defenders and public access proponents can see mutual benefits in an alternative system of licensing with exceptions and limitations. 

For all that our open knowledge future is clear the road ahead will not be easy as income, careers and institutions must adjust and sometimes perish and wider capacity requires investment. Wealth and power rarely vacate their positions voluntarily so the forces for free and open access must be persistent and creative. TorontotheBetter renews its commitment to a better Toronto and a better world in which enterprise, states and civil society must each play a role in ensuring that what all need is indeed available to all.  Ultimately the change starts here, with each of us, in our own decisions about how to create and access. As the Creative Commons summit sets off to its 2019 venue in Lisbon, Portugal TorontotheBetter will work to sustain the legacy from our city's two-year involvement as global summit hosts.  

** C.C. Certification Opportunities for all -  participate in spreading the creative commons message. See https://certificates.creativecommons.org/about/packages/.
Contact postmaster@TorontotheBetter.net to join our local Creative Commons initiative. 



         

Spreading the Movement: Day 2 highlights from Toronto Creative Commons Summit


Day 2 brought a crucial discussion about the struggle to spread the commons movement; the movement is building,
but is still culturally marginal to mainstream property traditions.Two problems dominated audience contributions
to the conversation: a continuing  ignorance, often poverty related, of creative commons licensing options, and the
lack of credibility, to many, of the open access creed. In short, we were asking ourselves '"how do we make the movement
stronger?" Among the most effective methods voiced were adoption of open access by prominent organizations such as
universities and state bodies, and spontareous exemplary actions, funded if need be, by authors and creators. Our
TorontotheBetter spokesman noted how the David of open access in healthcare research and publication had not yet slain
the giants of traditional publishing but was making progress as more researchers and writers choose to make their work
openly available to all.      

Friday, 13 April 2018

2018 Creative Commons Global Summit starts in Toronto today

The 2018 Creative Commons Global Summit begins in Toronto today
As leaders continue to fail us, be they Canada's Liberals with their impossible dream of uniting new pipeline development and environmental  preservation, Donald Trump's warmongering or Mark Zuckerberg's lame "dis-ingenuity"  about the corporate use of personal data by his Facebook corporation, a better option for the world continues to grow. For the second year in a row the Creative Commons organization  (www.creativecommons.org), developers of the creative commons licensing process for responsible publishing, has brought to Toronto its global summit. And with it comes renewed commitment to a world relieved of the shackles of private enclosure in all its forms. 
Among many  other topics on day one summit a record number of international participants heard of the growing worldwide interest in open access and open source publication using creative commons licenses, both in scholarly and  popular settings, and as well about techniques for motivating personal and organizational creative commons initiatives. It is not fanciful now to think of a day when creative commons is the norm for publishing rather than  the exception. 

Perhaps most notable of all was the heavy institutional presence at the summit of libraries as agents of what can now reasonably called "the new commons movement." With a global installed base and a fast growing range of involvements, from "things", including tools and seeds, to people, the once "humble" library, i.e. the  "loaner-ship" model, appears to more and more as a socio-economic model that avoids many of the problems associated with ownership based economic systems, while building practical contributions to the common good.             


TorontotheBetter welcomes the Creative Commons to Toronto once again and will be posting on-site bulletins from each of the three days of the Summit  taking place on April 13 to 15, 2018.     



Monday, 2 April 2018

TorontotheBetter welcomes new George Brown College Community Worker Placement Student

This semester we are pleased to provide a TorontotheBetter Placement opportunity as part of the  credit requirements for a Community Worker student from George Brown College. Student Jayden Rathwell is assisting us by learning about new developments in existing enterprises in our directory while also researching others in two exciting new areas of development - aboriginal business and medical marijuana. Once again this year we welcome our chance to contribute to George Brown College's important programme contribution to community development and also the enthusiasm, ideas and talents that Jayden, like similar placement students in previous years, brings to her work with us.         

TorontotheBetter Prepares for Inclusion of Marijuana Directory Listings.

With the legalization of Marijuana in Canada just a couple of months away TorontotheBetter is assessing existing services to determine which marjuana suppliers comply with our better  Toronto enterprise criteria. Though medical functions like pain management are clearly within our commitment to justice for all in the city in our view Marijuana has been to date unjustly prohibited to the detriment of those who can benefit from it, arguably for ethno-cultural rather than reasons of harmfulness. We expect our review to allow  us to add this new sector of enterprises to the scope  of our directory in time for their official legalization in July. A better Toronto is one which facilitates whatever healing agents can assist residents to live their lives to the fullest without unnecessary financial or legal impediments. Stay tuned to this  spot for announcements of  our first ToorntotheBetter marijuana suppliers.             

Wednesday, 7 March 2018

For a Canadian Social Economy: Two Books Explode the Myths of Neoliberal/Economist Claims


The End of Neoliberalism/Market Fundamentalism
It’s never over till it’s over and on the ground change always lags movements of mind, or what William Blake called “mind-forged manacles”. But still, when the moral and intellectual principles of a worldview have been demolished then it’s over.

Two books, James Kwak’s “Economism:Bad Economics and  the Rise of Inequality” (2017) and Ha-Joon Chang’s “Bad Samaritans: the Myth of Free Trade and the Secret History of Capitalism” (2009),  represent a kind of 1-2 knock-out punch to the neoliberal/economist orthodoxy that has now ruled economics for the last forty years, that is the belief, however contrary the facts, that unrestricted  markets are not only the best, but, in fact, the only, way to manage economies, i.e. TINA (There is No Alternative).

Chang destroys the moral claims of market fundamentalists by pointing out that all nations that have grown wealthy have used trade barriers to do so, when it suits them, while Kwak demolishes the truth claims of "economism" by exposing the failures of narrowly market-based approaches to produce the benefits claimed for them.

When your moral and intellectual principles are shown to be hypocritical and untrue it’s probably time to change your tune, but most governments, including Canada’s, however sunny their faces, continue to assume the faulty premises of neoliberalism/economism. TorontotheBetter’s support for social economics/social enterprise is not as a subsidiary add-on to mainstream economics and not as opposed to state responsibility to address non-discretionary necessities,like health, security and education. Rather we see our model as the core. It is the socially based economics embodied, in different ways, and to different degrees, by the diverse enterprises in our directory. What we may call, echoing medicine's Hippocratic ideal of doing "no harm" - defensive economism, i.e. reining in enterprise by health and safety regulation - is necessary but not sufficient. We can do more to address social ills and  the optimal way is to  prevent them upstream by in-building inclusion, empowerment inequality and sustainability.                 

In 2018 Canada continues to pursue trade deals whose inevitable consequence is continuing inequality, less sovereignty, and reduced democracy.  Contrary to the main messaging of these deals – there is no contradiction between economics and the environment , or social justice - our position is TIA (There Is an Alternative), and its realization is a comprehensive social  economy.

*Both books reviewed here may be purchased for a discount from TorontotheBetter by emailing postmaster@torontothebetter.net or borrowed from your local public library.   
  

Sunday, 25 February 2018

Making China Great Again-2: Where Are the Workers?

Where are the workers?                                                                   Communnique 2 from Marc Young, TorontotheBetter's correspondent in Shanghai, China - Feb.22,2018]

What first struck me about east-coast, urban China was the general gleam of things. Shanghai looks rich. I am not referring to my glimpse of this or that wealthy businessman or well-connected cadre out on the town in an especially flashy car, engaging in stunning acts of consumption – although such sights can be had. I am talking about general prosperity. For the westerner not initially sure of what to expect, this part of China, at least, impresses right away with its first-rate public transportation systems, shining skyline and ubiquitous shopping, dining, cultural and sporting opportunities. The material well-being of its citizenry is obvious.
            In other words, to deny that the country's enormous development over the past forty or so years has had strong egalitarian impulses and results is to lie. When Deng Xiaoping and the Party implemented market reforms and declared, all those years ago, that some individuals and regions in China would have to get rich first so that others could get rich later, they were not, I suggest, being cynical. Or kidding. This was obviously a serious program.
            Today, comparative strolls through the streets of downtown Toronto and Shanghai reveal far more desperate, homeless, and poorly clothed individuals in one place than in the other. And the city with more visibly destitute men and women ain't the Asian one! Nor is it true that panhandlers are seemingly scarcer in Chinese cities simply because the police move them on, though this may sometimes happen. Those that I have seen have not been shy in advertising their need, nor have they felt obliged to quickly abandon their spot on the pavement.
            By this I don't mean that the Chinese Communist Party has built a bank of social services that is the envy of the First World. Indeed, some of the causes of less extreme poverty in urban China are conservative ones: specifically, the extended family remains strong and offers a significant safety net for individuals who otherwise would hit the ground. Certainly it is not difficult to also find grim hostel accommodations often serving migrants who come to Shanghai (and other urban centres) in search of work. And of course readers may know about recent mass expulsions of mostly migrant labourers from overcrowded tenements in Beijing after fire broke out there. Yet scenes so common to forgotten, downtown neighbourhoods of North America and Africa of idle men (and fewer women), hopeless and visibly angry, are not to be found. Or I have not found them. Shanghai's urban poor are working, most of them. They are too occupied to loiter. In the “visual impressions test,” the commercial and financial capital of socialism-with-Chinese characteristics does pretty well against polite, rich, and often heartless Toronto the Good.
            But here's my segue. Employment does not necessarily mean contentment, as we all know. A living standard higher than one's parents does not necessarily produce bliss. And on this front, the official rhetoric of Party and State about “harmonious” socioeconomic development in China runs up against the reality of a population increasingly willing to express its displeasure, when displeasure it feels. And the Chinese workplace can be a generator of discontent.
            Though available statistics are almost certainly not 100 per cent accurate, data from organizations that monitor labour issues in the country suggest that work stoppages and work-related protests have been increasing since well-publicized industrial actions rocked Honda facilities in Guangdong province some eight years ago. In both 2015 and 2016, for example, the number of documented strikes across the country reportedly approached 3,000. In 2014 there had taken place an epic struggle involving over 50,000 workers in various shoe factories at Yue Yuan Industrial Holdings, a Taiwanese employer, in Dongguan, as workers took to the streets to protest company failure to make legally required contributions to the social insurance fund. In the same year in Guangzhou some 2,500 workers at Lide Shoes also struck following a relocation announcement by the employer – and reported attempts to force workers to sign poorer contracts. 2015 saw 5,000 workers at Stella Shoe Co. leave the factory over company failure to make housing fund payments; this also occurred in Dongguan.
            According to China Business Review, by 2016 the incidents of unrest in the retail and service sectors were overtaking those in manufacturing. Strikes at Walmart outlets were noteworthy as the retail giant sought to impose draconian scheduling 'flexibility' measures on workers accustomed to steady shifts of sensibly limited duration.
             My own direct exploration of labour relations and practices in Shanghai have, out of a very small sample, revealed employers who fail to pay workers for months at a time due to declared cash-flow issues and others who effectively ignore obligations to consult before introducing significant changes in the workplace. So what's exceptional about that, one might ask? Employers that don't abide by laws that are supposed to govern their behaviour? Not only in China, of course.
            But what is the government's response to social tensions across sectors and regions? Its priority can be summed up in the official affection for the term “harmonious development,” as mentioned above. Communist officials know perfectly well that their development strategy cannot proceed without episodes of class friction. Although Beijing wants to shift the axis of its economy from low wage manufacturing to high value-added, tech-driven production and services, such a transition cannot be achieved overnight. Nor, as those in the west well know, does this model bring high wages for all – except in its fictional form. 'Mature' information and service-driven economies of course provide high-paying salaries to numerous highly-trained experts and technicians – while they leave many toiling in poorly remunerated clothing store, fast food and hospitality/tourism positions. Or plain unemployed.
            Party and government officials are too smart to think that workers will be “harmonious” simply if they hear enough propaganda. What those who govern would like is for discontent to be nipped in the bud and channelled by a somewhat more effective All China Federation of Trade Unions, the country's only legal labour body. Laws to encourage collective agreements are on the books. Legally speaking, if the majority of workers in a workplace express a desire to open negotiations, an employer is generally obliged to engage. Many in the Communist Party, high and low, would be delighted if the ACFTU were to acquire a greater knack for funnelling shop and office-floor frustration into negotiations that produced collective agreements and averted unrest. The State has declared its desire that 90 per cent of the workforce be unionized.
            But workers have little confidence in a “labour organization” notable for not acting in their interests. In my own brief, first-hand experience of Chinese industrial relations, I have dared to suggest to colleagues that they raise an issue with our labour union. My status as a naive foreigner is the only reason they deign to offer me a patient reply as to why this would be time wasted. But sometimes they also say that Chinese workers are obedient and reluctant to make a fuss. This is not really true. Or often not true.
            Meanwhile, the Party shows no sign of wanting to relinquish control over its “labour movement.” For now, this seems to be a case of wanting to keep a cake and eat it too. Beijing's preference is to make the ACFTU a more credible voice for workers and keep it under Party tutelage, so that correct policy can be preached and things don't get out of hand. As they did in a country with a famous shipyard called Gdansk.
            We will see how things go.